Evolution Goes Forward, Backward and Sideways

first_imgAccording to an article by Becky Ham on MSNBC, evolution can make things more complicated or less complicated.  She referred to iconic cartoons that show the progress of evolution from slime to couch potato.  “It’s just a joke, but the idea that life starts simple and gets more complex over time persists even in scientific circles.”  One counter example, though, is the origin of single celled life.  Archaea and bacteria may be stripped-down versions of eukaryotes.  This idea from David Penny (Massey U, NZ) suggests that eukaryotes appeared first.    Penny said, “We do think there is a tendency to look at evolution as progressive.  We prefer to think of evolution as backwards, sideways, and occasionally forward.”  Penny and his colleagues deny the popular hypothesis that eukaryotic cells emerged from the fusion of earlier, simpler life forms.  “Although the idea seems contrary to our cherished notion that evolution makes organisms more complex,” Becky Ham (no relation to Ken Ham, as far as we know) wrote, “Penny and colleagues say it’s possible.”  Well, then, it follows that in evolution, anything is possible.  Penny’s colleague Chuck Kurland [Lund U, Sweden] provided more examples of simplification that “illustrate the Darwinian view of evolution as a reversible process in the sense that ‘eyes can be acquired and eyes can be lost.’  Genome evolution is a two-way street,” he said.Visualize a hockey puck on a frictionless surface infinite in all directions, moving about in various ways.  The concepts of forward, backward and sideways lose all meaning.  The same is true in relativistic Darwinland, where an incoming asteroid can cause extinction but also a boom in emergent innovation (see Fox News).  In the overall scheme of things, does it matter which direction is forward or backward?    For decades, most Darwinists have taught as fact the myth that eukaryotes are a more complex product that emerged from the fusion of simpler, more primitive microbes.  Progressivism is built into such a notion.  Now, if eukaryotes just appeared suddenly, then became stripped down into the other two kingdoms of microbes, then Darwinian miracles of emergence allow for anything.  Why don’t we extend Penny’s theory and conclude that bacteria are stripped-down humans?  (Sorry; that didn’t come out right.  Some people on the beach, though, do resemble amoebas.)Exercise:  Read the following sentence aloud:The Story of EvolutionEvolution explains more complexity, and more simplicity.  It explains why flight arose in some birds, but was lost in others.  With evolution, organs and genomes can become more complicated, or more streamlined.  Eyes emerge through evolution, but eyes are also lost by evolution.  Evolution makes the cheetah fast but the sloth slow.  By evolution, dinosaurs grow to skyscraper size, and hummingbirds grow tiny.  With evolution, peacocks grow more flashy and crows more black, giraffes tall and flatworms flat.  Evolution explains predator and prey, loner and herder, light and dark, high and low, fast and slow, profligacy and stinginess, terrorism and altruism, religion and atheism, virtue and selfishness, psychosis and reason, extinction and fecundity, war and peace.  Evolution explains everything.Now substitute the meaningless word Gribbleflix for Evolution and read it again.  There you have it: the world’s most successful, all-encompassing theory.  Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of Gribbleflix.  Don’t let the anti-Gribbleflix people sneak their dogma into the schools.  Gribbleflix is science.  Gribbleflix is a FACT!(Visited 26 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Sasol’s R18bn empowerment deal

first_img10 September 2007South African petrochemical company Sasol this week announced a broad-based black economic empowerment (BEE) deal, which if approved, will see 10% of the company’s shares, currently worth approximately R18-billion, placed under ownership of previously disadvantaged individuals and groups.“This transaction is ground-breaking, not only in terms of its size, but also in terms of its overarching ambition to create a legacy of building skills and capacity in the South African economy,” Sasol chairman Peter Cox said in a statement issued on Monday.In terms of the transaction, 3% of shares will be transferred to black South Africans, 1,5% to selected BEE groups, 1,5% to the Sasol Foundation and 4% to Sasol employees with permanent South African residence below managerial level, comprising 60% black and 40% white employees, black managers and black non-executive directors.This 10% stake in the company is valued at approximately R17.9-billion, based on a closing share price of R285 on 5 September this year.Sasol is working with the National Empowerment Fund to identify ways of reaching as many black South Africans as possible, especially those in lower income groups.To date, the company said it would target communities near its operations in Sasolburg and Secunda, as well as women’s groups as beneficiaries of the empowerment deal.The deal will benefit almost 27 000 Sasol employees, while the Sasol Foundation will be created to contribute to growing South Africa’s skills particularly in science and technology.“Sustaining the strong economic growth of the past decade is largely dependent on providing the majority of South Africans with the opportunity to develop relevant skills needed to build our nation. Sasol intends to be part of this effort,” Cox said.“An enhanced skills base will also be needed to execute Sasol’s growth strategy, particularly as we move ahead with developing new synthetic plants in South Africa and elsewhere in the world.”Sasol will fund the BEE transaction through a combination of equity, third party funding and facilitation by the company itself. To mitigate potential dilution of interests held by existing shareholders, Sasol said it may consider, if necessary, a share buy-back programme.“A unique feature of this transaction is the broad black public share offer,” said Sasol chief executive Pat Davies. “We want as many black South Africans as feasibly possible, most of whom have never owned shares before, to become shareholders.”He added that Sasol’s commitment to broad-based BEE was already evident in other initiatives throughout the group, ranging from significant equity ownership transactions at subsidiaries such as Sasol Oil and Sasol Mining.The company will announce full details of the transaction in the first half of 2008, when it will be proposed to Sasol shareholders. This will include details of the process that qualifying persons should follow to participate in the employee share scheme and the black retail public offer.Sasol said it will run a national media campaign on 16 and 17 September where it will request for an expression of interested from BEE groups wanting to participate in the empowerment deal.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Online visa system launched for South Africans visiting UK

first_imgAfter success in countries like China and India, the online visa application service to the UK, Access UK, has been expanded to South Africa. If you’re planning a British holiday you can now apply for your visa, make an appointment, and pay online.Access UK, an online visa application system for visitors to the UK, launches for South Africans on 22 April 2016. (Image: Pixabay)Access UK, an online visa application service, has been launched for South Africans wanting to visit the UK.After being successful in China and India, the portal has been extended to Russia, Belarus, Turkey, Nigeria, Benin and South Africa. “Over 270 000 applicants have already used Access UK and feedback is really positive,” the UK Home Office said.The UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) application system has been expanded to South Africa https://t.co/jpZ60cMc2P pic.twitter.com/sObxZcijtp— UK in South Africa (@UKinSouthAfrica) April 22, 2016Applicants can use the website to apply, book an appointment and pay for their submission through the standard, priority or super-priority visa service, where applicable.People are able to review, revise or download partially finalised applications before submission, with the visa fee displayed in rands, according to travel news site Traveller24.The following visas can be applied for:Standard visitorGeneral and FamilyChildBusinessEntrepreneurReligionSportspersonsCreativePrivate medical treatment (six months)Visitors undertaking the PLAB test, objective structured clinical examination, clinical attachment and dental observationsVisitor – marriage and civil partnershipVisitor – permitted paid engagementPricesPrices vary depending on the visa required. Standard visas are £87 (about R1 920). The longer the visa, the higher the cost:Two years: £330 (about R7 288)Five years: £600 (about R13 250)Ten years: £752 (about R16 610)The new service is running parallel with the old system, Visa4UK. New applicants will be directed to the new improved Access UK service. Users will not be charged when changing services, said the UK home office. Sources: Traveller24 and UK Home OfficeWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

South Africa to offer women free implant contraceptives

first_imgSouth Africa will make trans-dermal implant contraceptives freely available in the country’s public clinics from next week.According to online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the implant is among the most effective birth control methods, preventing pregnancy by releasing hormones that stop ovaries from releasing eggs and by thickening cervical mucous. (Image: Flickr)Brand South Africa ReporterSouth Africa will make trans-dermal implant contraceptives freely available in the country’s public clinics from next week, Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi announced in Cape Town on Tuesday.Speaking during the debate on the President’s State of the Nation address in Parliament, Motsoaledi said the contraceptive, which will be available for free, is implanted below the skin of the arm and is effective for up to three years.“The implant gives women freedom to control their own lives,” Motsoaledi said. “It can be taken out any time, and if they want to [fall pregnant], it only takes few weeks to conceive – unlike Depo Provera, the contraceptive injection, which takes at least 12 months to leave the system before a woman can conceive again.”According to online encyclopaedia Wikipedia, the implant is among the most effective birth control methods, preventing pregnancy by releasing hormones that stop ovaries from releasing eggs and by thickening cervical mucous.A number of nurses have already undergone training in inserting the implant, and 4 000 more are to be trained.Motsoaledi said the new contraceptive would be available in all public hospitals by 27 February would reach all public clinics by the middle of the year.HPV campaignAt the same time, Motsoaledi announced the launch of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme to be administered to grade 4 girls in public schools.The programme will see the learners being vaccinated against HPV, which causes cervical cancer. The cancer is responsible for the deaths of about 3 500 women in South Africa every year, he said.“About 550 000 learners will get the first dose in March and again after six months, and every year after. Through the programme, we will have a new generation of women who are protected from cervix cancer.”Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Ohio FFA Convention photo gallery

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Danielle Hannan from Liberty Union entertained the crowd with her performance. Ohio’s top chapters were recognized Lamarr Wobble inspired the crowd/ Maggie Hovermale, VP at large Honorary State Degree recipients were recognized Clinton Liming, Felicity-Franklin, is the Star in Agricultural Placement; Hayden Davis, Ridgewood, is the Star in Agribusiness; Jacob Dennis, Pettisville, is the Star in Agriscience; and Nole Gerfen, Ridgemont, is the Star Farmer. Chase Cummings from the Waynesfield Goshen entertained the crowd with Ryan Matthews, VP at large Keynote speaker Matt Rush talked about the viability of U.S. agriculture. Sentinel Johnathon Cottingham Meredith Oglesby The Ohio FFA raised nearly $70,000 for Nationwide Children’s Hospital. Evan Smith, State Treasurer Sarah Hoog, Tessa Bowling and Emily Kanney were recognized as scholarship winners State Secretary Josie Montoney President Mary Buehler prepares to announce the new officer candidates Amberley Snyder was the keynote speaker. She shared about her experiences in a wheelchair. Milan Pozderac, from Fredericktown, volunteered onstage to complete an obstacle course in a wheelchair. Sammy Hawkins from the National Trail-MVCTC FFA performed a song for the crowd. The new officer candidates were announced. The new officer candidates were announced. A volunteer plays “What’s in the bag?” A volunteer plays, “What’s in the bag?” after drawing a pink scarf. Ridgemont students prepare for their proficiency interviews. Ryan Matthews The top reporters in the state were recognized. The top treasurers in the state were recognized.. The top secretaries in the state were recognized. Johnathon Cottingim CDE winners were recognized Student reporter Kolt Buchenroth is ready for Session 5! Agriscience Fair winners were recognized Agriscience Fair winners were recognized National FFA Secretary Victoria Harris Josie Montoney thanks her parents Ryan Matthews Mary Buehler’s sibling introduced her prior to her retiring address. Throughout convention Mary Buehler had FFA members hand out these cards, starting with just a few, but eventually they reached most of the crowd in attendance. Mary Buehler Mary Buehler talked about the inner “like” button. It was emotional time for the retiring state officers. Macey Butchko from Firelands wowed the crowd with her vocal performance. Danielle Hannan from Liberty Union sang for the crowd. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees.last_img read more

Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 122 | Mental Health and Farming Naked

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Dale, Matt and Kolt are with you this week. Matt needs to clear the air on his farming naked shirt and Dale recaps the latest USDA stock report.During the Farm Science Review, Matt sat down with OCJ Marketing Specialist Risë Labig to chat with Jolene Brown about farm stress and mental health. Dusty joins us with an interview with Barry McGraw of the Ohio Soybean Council, and we meet Luke Crumley, the new Director of Public Policy and Nutrient Management for the Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association.last_img

Great Kaskaskia Dragon — Geocache of the Week

first_imgDifficulty:1.5Terrain:1.5 As the quest for thirteen legendary Hidden Creatures enters its final phase, we search the world for the last of the elusive beings. There is quite a stir in the midwest region of the United States where a dragon, who once devoured maidens and guarded his treasure-filled cave, now watches over a sacred Traditional Cache. He may even be a distant cousin of this summer’s infamous dragon and could hold the key to finding more creatures of lore.Image by NRL Location:Illinois, USAN 38° 58.467 W 089° 07.191 Regarded as one of the longest staring contests known to man or beast, the Great Kaskaskia Dragon stands opposite a knight in freshly painted armor. The dragon plays with gentleman’s honor and never blinks, all while donning a dapper top hat. TraditionalGCHWFZby Barronvondobbin We hope he doesn’t realize one of these days that the knight is unmanned and release a fiery blast upon us all!Image by Infinity TeamWhen the top hats come off, the real show begins! In actuality, the Great Kaskaskia Dragon has a nearby business at its beck and call, covering all sacrifice…err…dragon feedings including the fuel that lights the way for any geocacher who stops by. Visitors are bequeathed a golden coin inscribed with the little-known adage, “Dragon fire brings good luck, make a wish” which may be sacrificed to appease the Great Kaskaskia Dragon, resulting in a fiery blaze from his magnificent mouth.Image by LedbettePlease note, you may use the knight as an inhuman shield, but you will have no success coaxing him for the cache container. Only when you politely request an audience with The Great Kaskaskia will you be free to search within his scaled, metal body for the modest micro container. May the luck of the dragon’s fire be with you all in the final quest for this geocache and all other Hidden Creatures!Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog. If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, fill out this form.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedBeyond Here, Lay Dragons (GCH52C) – GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – January 17, 2013January 16, 2013In “Community”Geocaching country souvenir: IndonesiaDecember 12, 2018In “News””Wawel” GC2CZCX GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – November 28, 2011November 28, 2011In “Community”last_img read more

Twitpic to Add Video Sharing Today

first_imgmarshall kirkpatrick Tags:#news#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Media hosting service Twitpic will add support for video upload, storage and sharing today, the company says. “Users will be able to upload video from the site itself, email and clients that support our new Video option,” says Twitpic founder Noah Everett. “We’re making it easier for users to have their media all in one place to share on Twitter.”Everett says that Twitpic has 17 million registered users and adds 30,000 more each day.Leena Rao puts the startups move in context well in coverage at TechCrunch:Adding video is a logical next step for TwitPic, which has focused solely on allowing users to upload photos to Twitter until now. The Twitter photo sharing horse race is undoubtedly competitive. Rivals Yfrog already supports video uploads and Plixi was just acquired by social network Lockerz. Twitter also recently partnered with TwitPic and others to include inline photos in-stream in the new version of Twitter’s interface.Twitpic was subject of a recent high-profile lawsuit in which the Agence France-Presse claimed in court that by uploading photos to Twitter and Twitpic, a photographer has in effect granted a license to anyone who would like to use those photos. A US District Court ruled in December that no such claim could be made. U.S. District Court Judge William Pauley wrote in his decision says that “the provision that Twitter ‘encourage[s] and permit[s] broad re-use of Content’ does not clearly confer a right on other users to re-use copyrighted postings.”TwitPic has been the service of choice for a number of prominent photos that spread rapidly across the social web, from the plane that landed on the Hudson River to a hastily removed but very humanizing candid shot of pop-star Katy Perry waking up without any makeup on. It will be interesting to see if videos of comparable impact are shared on the service as well.There are many different ways to post pictures to Twitter, but the name Twitpic has almost become a Kleenex-level verb. I can’t think of any other 3rd party services built on a technology platform they don’t own that can be said about. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

You Are the Protagonist

first_img“Julian Rotter, a social psychologist, developed the concept of “locus of control,” with some people being ‘externals,’ believing that the environment or other people shape their lives, and others being ‘internals,’ believing that they themselves shape their own lives.”“Stanford Professor Albert Bandura, today the most-cited living psychologist, touted the concept of ‘self-efficacy.’ An ‘efficacy expectation’ is the belief that you, yourself, can bring about the outcomes you desire, whereas as an ‘outcome expectation’ is the belief that the outcome you desire will simply happen.”The Hope Circuit: A Psychologist’s Journey for Helplessness to Optimism, by Martin E.P. Seligman.With 2019 a few weeks away, many of us are designing our next year, developing new goals, drafting up new plans, and committing to new outcomes. Many more of us will have a plan that is nothing more than a “New Year’s Resolution,” and the great majority of those who “resolve” to do something different will need only restate the resolution they’ve used for many years.I started this process last month, and I have a very long note in Evernote with all of my goals, as well as the disciplines necessary to bring them to life in 2019. My goals are ambitious and audacious because I don’t believe in SMART goals (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound), the “realistic” criteria being a poor idea, as most of us underestimate what we can accomplish in a year. If you are going to be thinking, why wouldn’t you think big?I also have a very long document (over 2,000 words) on every aspect of my business with goals, disciplines, and the changes I need to make in each area. It’s a blueprint for 2019 projects, and all that is left for me to do with this document is prioritize the projects. When there are as many as I have written, prioritizing them requires a good deal of thought.The quotes from Seligman’s wonderful biography are here to remind you that you are the protagonist in your story, not a supporting actress or actor or extra. You are designing your life and living it in real-time. You set the direction of your life, and you make the choices that move you closer to that life—or you abdicate your responsibility and drift, going where the current takes you. In either case, you made a choice.I can always spot an “external” with an “outcomes expectation.” On the social sites, all of their content is about things over which they have zero control. They post and argue with other people about politics, world affairs, and things they believe are important enough to command their time and attention. When you speak with them, it’s clear they think good things can only happen to them—not because of their actions.“Internals” are different. They believe they are acting on the world, especially their world, and that their future is something they control. They are “the locus of control.” They aren’t waiting for good fortune or to be discovered or for anything or anyone to provide the outcome they want; they are chasing it down.The last two weeks of the year is an excellent time to reflect on what you’ve learned in the previous twelve months, to do an accounting of your results (good and bad and ugly), and to develop the plot line for the next year. I don’t know whether this might help flip you from an “external” to an “internal,” but it can’t hurt you to try. If you are already an “internal,” being more intentional might be just what you need to accelerate your results. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Nowlast_img read more